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China landed its Zhu Rong rover on Mars

China landed its Zhu Rong rover on Mars

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has achieved a series of recent successes in missions to Mars, but don’t let you fool you-all missions to Mars have ended in failure. The Soviet Union landed a spacecraft on Mars in 1971, but lost communication after only 110 seconds. Just in 2017, the European Space Agency’s Shapara Rayleigh lander crashed on its way to the surface of Mars. China’s first attempt on Mars was actually part of Russia’s 2011 Fobos-Grunt mission, which was to explore Mars and its moon Phobos. The spacecraft failed to leave the Earth’s orbit and eventually re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere a few months later, causing China to pursue its own independent mission to Mars.

Don’t expect Zhu Rongneng to compare with perseverance.The latter weighs 1 ton, is driven by nuclear power, has 23 cameras, has carried out a technical demonstration of carbon dioxide to oxygen, can collect and store samples that will return to Earth in a day, and Even brought a new helicopter. The former weighs only 240 kilograms, is powered by solar energy, carries only 6 instruments, and is expected to last only 90 days of Martian days (although it is likely to survive longer).

The purpose of Tianwen-1 is to use its 13 instruments (7 on the orbiter and 6 on the rover) to study the geology and soil mineralogy of Mars, to map the distribution of water ice, and to detect the electromagnetic force of the planet And gravity, and characterize its characteristics. Surface climate and environment. The orbiter will observe and measure these things from a global perspective, and capture the image to a resolution of 2 meters, while Zhu Rong will hone the conspiracy points on the surface. It will use spectroscopy to find out the composition of the soil, measure the magnetic field on the ground, and track changes in weather, such as temperature and wind.

Perhaps the most fascinating thing is that Zhu Rong has a ground-penetrating radar that will allow it to spy on activities and explore underground structures at a depth of 100 meters, which is 10 times that of Perseverance Radar. It is hoped that the instrument will be able to detect the potential reserves of ground water ice. Water resources may be a key part of establishing a colony on Mars one day. Wang said that in particular “Utopia Planitia” is “a relatively safe landing site and a place to look for water.”

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