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American teenagers can get their Covid shots. What is the next step for the school?

American teenagers can get their Covid shots. What is the next step for the school?

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Official: Youth The shot is being fired. Today, after a clinical trial found that the vaccine was safe and effective, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration decided to use Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine for children under 12 years of age. The decision means that approximately 17 million children under the age of 16 (previously the deadline for Pfizer to fire) have re-qualified for vaccination. According to another recommendation of the CDC expert group, vaccination is available at the earliest Start on Wednesday.

When she first heard about the test results, Monica Gandhi, an infectious disease expert at the University of California, San Francisco, breathed a sigh of relief. The opportunity to vaccinate adolescents was earlier than expected, and, as she saw it, it was an urgent time: it meant that there was enough breathing space to start vaccination before the fall.According to California, more than half of the students are learning remotely An analysis The education non-profit organization EdSource is in charge, and the next semester is still uncertain. However, with the available vaccines, the process of making everyone’s return to campus look smoother-the reason, in her view, is more related to psychology than epidemiology. “For middle school students, this has always been an obstacle, not because the school is insecure, but because Insight she is not. “she says.

Throughout the United States, the spring of the pandemic has made returning to school more complicated. The first is the problem of high morbidity-the virus has spread too much during the winter surge, just like district officials from New York to Los Angeles are discussing how to get more students to receive face-to-face guidance.Then the unknown appeared new, Easier to spread Variants. However, even in areas where the case rate is now far below the winter peak, and where teachers have been qualified for vaccination for several weeks, the prospects for return are still promising. Some parents are reluctant to mix their children (who may now be the only unprotected person in the family) with other unvaccinated people. And some teachers are cautious about receiving those students in the classroom.

In San Francisco, where Gandhi lives, some students return to campus, but usually only turn on their laptops again when they arrive. This is what disgruntled parents call “zoom in the room.” CDC recommends that the distance between buildings should be between 3 and 6 feet, and schools are restricted, and because there are medically exempt teachers, school personnel are also restricted. This summer, state legislators will decide whether to continue to allow exemptions for distance learning. Laura Dudnick, a spokesperson for the San Francisco Unified School District, pointed out that the district’s agreement with employees only covers the remainder of the spring semester, and she said it will follow public health guidance when formulating the fall plan.

At the same time, public health experts like Gandhi insist that even before widespread vaccination, schools can be safely and completely open. She said that given the cost of shutting down mental health and learning, the benefits of doing so would be huge.This is a tricky question: as more and more schools open, we understand that children do spread the virus-maybe Beyond the original imagination of scientists-Some studies link the reopening of schools to more family infections. But we also learned how to better manage these risks through preventive measures such as good ventilation, masks and testing.A kind Recent preprint Researchers at Johns Hopkins University who have not been peer-reviewed have found that where serious protection measures are taken, the risk of children in private schools being infected with the virus in the family disappears. (This study was conducted before adult vaccination, which will further reduce family transmission.) CDC Scientist Review Based on data from some countries, the school had reopened at that time, and a similar conclusion was reached. They found that a school outbreak did occur, but it was easier to control than an outbreak in a place like a nursing home.

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